September 29

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EP14: Present Perfect Simple (3)

 

Hello hello, fellow learners of English, how are you doing out there? This is Kristian here, nice to be with you again, and welcome to the Learners of English Podcast, episode number 14.

Today we continue with the present perfect simple. Before we begin, let me just remind you that you can find the transcript of this episode on my website. 

As always, I recommend that you listen to this podcast twice: the first time without the transcript, and the second time you can listen while reading along. I make these transcripts to help you become a successful learner of English, so why not use them?

OK, that’s enough housekeeping, let’s crack on.

In episodes 12 and 13 we talked about how to use the present perfect simple in seven different situations. Here’s a short summary:

  1. You describe a past action with present effect (losing your key)
  2. You describe a life experience (working experience)
  3. You describe “How many times?” (kobe bryant)
  4. You describe past actions which are still happening now (living in Prague)
  5. You describe very recent actions with the PPS (father supermarket)
  6. You describe “Unfinished time periods” (nothing today)
  7. You use the present perfect simple with other time expressions

And that, dear listeners,  is today’s topic. I want to give you many examples with the following time expressions: just, already, yet, ever, never, still, the first time, always, for and since. Are you ready? Here we go! 

Just

We use just for recent actions.

I’ve just realised that I made a mistake in episode 13. Now I have to correct it.  

We don’t normally use it in negative sentences.

Position: before the main verb

Already

We use already to emphasise that something happened sooner than expected.

I’ve already made 14 podcast episodes. (I didn’t expect this) 

We don’t use it in negatives. Instead we’d use ‘yet’.

Position: before the main verb

Yet

We use yet in questions and negatives as a way of expressing that you think this thing is going to happen. It hasn’t happened but it is going to happen at some point.

I haven’t found a microphone yet.

Position: At the end of the sentence

Ever

This emphasises the time period as ‘your entire life’. It’s usually used in questions and the form Superlative + I + have + ever + past participle

This is the best svíčková I’ve ever tasted.

Position: Before the main verb

Never

Never is, obviously, the opposite of ever but it’s only used in positive statements (to make them negative).

I’ve never been here before..

Position: Before the main verb

Still

Still emphasises that something hasn’t happened, especially when you expected it to happen earlier.

The bus still hasn’t come.

Position: Before the auxiliary verb

The first time

This expression is pretty clear, but it’s used with present perfect to emphasise that you are doing something that you have never done before. 

This is the first time I’ve enjoyed an American English accent.

Position: Before a sentence using present perfect.

Always

This expression emphasises that something has been true throughout your whole life.

I’ve always wanted to live in a beautiful city like Prague

Position: before the main verb

So far

This doesn’t mean “a very long distance”. It means this far or up to now or since we started.

How many episodes of the podcast have you listened to so far? So far I’ve listened to 4 episodes.

It doesn’t work with negative sentences.

Position: At the beginning or end of the sentence, usually at the end.

For

We use for to say “how long” for a present action that started in the past. It goes with a period of time.

I’ve lived in Prague for 2 years.

Position: At the end of the sentence, before a period of time

Since

We also use this to say “how long”, but it goes with a point in time. A starting point.

I’ve lived in Prague since 2018.

I’ve been interested in the Irish rock band U2 since I was a child.

Position: At the end of the sentence, before a point in time (the starting point)

Now it’s time for you to start practicing. You can use my examples to write down your own examples.

Remember, we don’t just listen to podcasts here, we take action. Only if you take action you’ll become a successful learner of English, and you can achieve your life goals and fulfil your dreams.

OK, that’s it. Let me know your thoughts on this episode in the comments or via email.

All right. Take care of yourself, and each other, and I’ll catch you in the next episode. 


About the author 

Kristian

Kristian is a Dutch guy who teaches English online. He relaxes with audiobooks, music and podcasts. Kristian still has a lot to learn, but he's happy to share what he has learnt along the way.

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